Situated on the Istria west coast – Rovinj is one of the most popular touristic destination in Croatia. Popularly called “The Blue Pearl of the Adriatic coast” – Rovinj is condisdered one of the most romantic town in the Mediterranean. The romantic city charm, the picturesque Old Town with its narrow streets, great history and wonderfull nature make Rovinj an amazing destination to visit.
Rovinj Croatia Travel Guide
Rovinj in Croatia settles on the West Coast of Istria and together with the Porec is the strongest tourist destination in Istria and in Croatia and one of the best-selling destinations on the Mediterranean. Climate in Rovinj and surroundings is typical Mediterranean which means that has long and warm summers and mild winters.
Rovinj archipelago is consisted of 22 islands and islets which additionally contributes the charm of that old Istrian town.
This gorgeous medeterranean town developed itself in late antiquity as an island and it was mentioned for the first time as Rubinium. Small in area the configuration of the island conditioned the building of the settlement with small houses packed tightly together in narrow step streets, vaulted passages and small squares.
Rovinj began to extend outside its city walls at the end of the 17th century. The Old part of the town was connected with the new by covering the channel between island and mainland in 1763. Rovinj is an important Istrian city with developed fishing, tobacco industry and tourism expanded last years.
Today Rovinj has about 15 000 inhabitants and a valuable historical heritage preserved through its long history.
Rovinj Geographical Position and Climate
The Rovinj area is located in the central part of the western coast of Istria. In the north, across the Lim Channel, it borders the municipal units of local self-government Vrsar and Sveti Lovreč, east of the municipalities of Kanfanar and Bale, while in the west mourns the territorial sea.
Through the space of Rovinj, from the city center and the port of Rovinj to the narrow and wider surrounding areas, ie towards the interior of the Croatian part of Istria, provides the main natural direction of the regional connection towards Žminjština, Pazinština, Buzetštini, Labinština as well as towards Čepićko polje and Raša mouth further to Rijeka, or to the north towards Poreč and Bujština and to the southeastern part of Pula.
The area of Rovinj belongs to the Mediterranean type of climate with sub-Mediterranean characteristics, especially in the interior. The summers are warm, light and sunny, and the mild, cloudy and humid winters with spring and autumn maximum summers, which bring damp western and southern winds. In the summer of the sea, maestral blows, while the winter bora has no devastating negative effect.
What To See in Rovinj (Croatia)
Rovinj Archipelago consists of 22 islands among which St. Andrew and Catherine Island, as the largest and most beautiful. Valuable and protected parts of nature, special reserves in the area of Rovinj are islands and mainland from the island of Sv. John to two sisters, sea and underwater channels and part of the Lim Fjord, Park Forest “Punta Corrente”, marsh Palud, Romuald’s cave on the southern side Lim fjord and stone-Monfiorenzo a kind of geological monument of nature.
Rovinj is untouched by centuries with its narrow medieval streets not spoiled by modern urbanization. From the sea, the city is protected by high cliffs and walls of houses, standing near the water. From the mainland side, the old Rovinj is girded by once impregnable walls. The city cathedral of St. Euphemia represents a magnificent work of baroque architecture featuring a 60-meter-high bell tower which dominate the city.
The Rovinj Old Town is a car restricted area consisted of narrow streets and squares, still untouched by modern urbanism. On the coast, the city is protected by high rocky shores and walls.
Cultural Attraction of Rovinj
- St. Euphemia Curch
- Balbi’s Arch
- Rovinj Old Town
- Turnina – The Ancient Fortress
- History Research Centre in Rovinj
- The Church of Saint Ivan
- Grisia Street
- Baptismal font of the Holy Spirit
- Antonio Gandusio Theatre
- Ruđer Bošković Institute of Rovinj
- Rovinj Heritage Museum
- Batana House
- Clock Tower in Rovinj
Natural Wonders of Rovinj
Swamp Palud (Palud)
Palud is located about 10 km southeast of the town of Rovinj. The total area of the special ornithological reserve is 226,911ha. The basic phenomenon of the swamp Palud is the variety and richness of ornithophans, and especially the swampfish at the time of nesting, wintering and migratory movements.
Zlatni rt -Škaraba Forest Park
The Zlatni rt – Škaraba Forest Park is one of the most important parks of our littoral, a peculiar beauty and a high esthetic and botanical value. In this area grow: Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis Mill.), Pinewood (Pinus brutia Ten.) And other pines.
The autochthonous orchid (Orno-Quercetum ilicis H-i 1958) is a fundamental component of this park-forest, while the arboretum is divided into a number of different groups of trees (cedars, cobblestones, fir trees, cypresses). A distinctive impression is given by the starry group of Himalayan cedars (Cedrus deodara (D.Don.) G.Don.)
With interpolated downies (Pseudotsuga menziesii), beans (Abies vilmorinii) and various types of cypresses, located on the south side. The park unit is harmoniously complemented by several meadow lawns. Škaraba continues to the Golden Cape (Zlatni rt). The imposing layers of plate-shaped blocks of limestone adjacent to the shore attach to the site represents a significant esthetic value.
At the very entrance to Škaraba You can find a group of duglays and pines, and the sukpins of old pine trees and autochthonous maki. The total area of the forest park is 71,418 ha.
Guarry Fantazija near Rovinj
The Quarry Fantazija is located along the Rovinj-Bale road. The quarry is now abandoned. Since quarrying is carried out by vertical and horizontal sawing, several layers of genetically different types of dolomites are opened in a multi-sectional section with extraordinarily preserved texture details.
Particularly important is the locality in understanding and interpreting sedimentary processes in the shallow sea of ancient carbonate platforms (chalk).
The area of the protected area is 3,388 ha.
Rovinj Traffic Connection
State Road D303 Rovinj-knot Kanfanar (A9) is the link of the City of Rovinj with state and the international road network E751 – Istrian y – highway A8 and A9 towards Italy and Slovenia (EU countries) and Rijeka.
The average traffic of this route is from 6741 vehicles per day per year, or 13187 vehicles per day in the summer season. The next important road is the county road Ž5096 Rovinj-Bale. In the area of Rovinj there are several county roads connecting the larger tourist settlements: Ž5105 (Ž5096-TN Polari), Ž5175 (Ž5096-TN Veštar) and Ž5095 (TN Valalta-D303).
In the area of the City of Rovinj there are no roads classified as local roads. The length of the “unsorted roads” operated by the City Rovinj-Rovigno is approximately 57 km.
The Kanfanar-Rovinj Pruga has been in operation since 1966. Therefore, for the needs of rail transport services, it is necessary to go to Kanfanar where there is a railway station and connections with Rijeka and EU countries via R101 Pula – Buzet – R. Slovenia railway line (via Lupoglava).
The area of Rovinj has no airports, and the closest active air infrastructure is Vrsar Airport which offers panoramic and taxi flights. The nearest international airport is Pula Airport, located around 30 km in the south.
From Rovinj harbor there is Luka Rovinj and two marinas: Marina Rovinj (in ACI system) and Marina Valalta (within TN Valalta). Of the most important unclassified port facilities in tourist resorts in the area of the city there are a number of docks that use seasonal tourist boat lines, diving centers and so on.
Economy and Tourism of Rovinj
The economy of the city of Rovinj is located in the second place of the cities in Croatia by realization net profit: HRK 873 million in 2010. (FINA). This position is achieved mainly thanks to the results of the two largest companies, Adris Group d.d. and TDR d.o.o.
Also in the area of Roivnja there are the following companies: MAISTRA d.d., ISTRAGRAFIKA d.d., EUROTRADE d.o.o., VALALTA d.o.o., and MIRNA d.d., with a total of over 2500 employees. It can be concluded that the business of the City of Rovinj-Rovigno is dominated by large and medium-sized companies.
In addition, there are 600 entrepreneurs in the city of Rovinj and Rovinj, as well as 700 tradesmen, mainly in wholesale and retail trade, various services, tourism, real estate, construction, and fisheries and agriculture.
Economic activities concentrated mainly in the city a cultural-historical part, on business-purpose areas within the city, and in tourist areas outside the city. Since TDR d.o.o. its facilities are outside the territory of the City, the business structure prevails in various trade and service activities.
The city of Rovinj-Rovigno is the first tourist destination in 2012, 440,379 registered tourist arrivals and 3,111,029 overnight stays, which is about 14% at the level of the County in both categories, and the winner of the “tourist patrols” of Večernji list and Jutarnji List in 2012.
According to the number of available beds in 2012, camps are dominated by 54%, followed by private accommodation (ie “household service”) with 21%, hotels with 12%, tourist resorts with 7%, other accommodation accommodation (apartments and rooms, for vacation, boarding etc.) with 3.5% and accommodation in marinas with 2.5%.
Most of the city’s tourist traffic takes place in four large tourist areas outside the resort. For much of Rovinj’s recognizability as a tourist destination, there are rebuilt or newly built hotels within Rovinj-Rovinj, the winners of several international awards in recent years (Lone and Mont Mulini).